[pubmed] Bortezomib at therapeutic doses poorly passes the blood-brain barrier and does not impair cognition

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[pubmed] Bortezomib at therapeutic doses poorly passes the blood-brain barrier and does not impair cognition

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Brain Commun. 2020 Feb 27;2(1):fcaa021. doi: 10.1093/braincomms/fcaa021. eCollection 2020.

ABSTRACT

The 26S proteasome inhibitor bortezomib is currently used to treat multiple myeloma but also is effective in the treatment of antibody-mediated autoimmune disorders. One clinical concern is bortezomib's toxicity towards the (central) nervous system. We used standardized neuropsychological testing to assess cognitive function in six patients with myasthenia gravis and systemic lupus erythematodes before and after treatment with a mean cumulative dose of 9.4 mg m-2 bortezomib. In addition, cognitive performance was measured in adult C57Bl/6 mice after treatment with a human equivalent cumulative dose of 15.6 mg m-2. Bortezomib concentrations were analysed in the human CSF as well as the brain tissue and serum of adult C57Bl/6 mice at various time points after the injection of 1.3 mg m-2 bortezomib with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Neither patients nor mice showed signs of cognitive impairment after bortezomib therapy. Bortezomib concentrations in the human CSF and murine brain tissue reached only 5-7% of serum concentrations with comparable concentrations measured in the hippocampus and the neocortex. Five-fold higher concentrations were needed to damage neuronal cells in vitro. In conclusion, penetration of the intact blood-brain barrier by bortezomib is low. Overall, our data show that bortezomib is a safe medication in terms of central nervous system toxicity.

PMID:32954282 | PMC:PMC7425526 | DOI:10.1093/braincomms/fcaa021


Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/3295428 ... 2&v=2.11.5
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