[Pubmed] Umbilical Cord-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells for the Treatment of Infertility Due to Premature Ovarian Failure

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[Pubmed] Umbilical Cord-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells for the Treatment of Infertility Due to Premature Ovarian Failure

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Cureus. 2022 Oct 20;14(10):e30529. doi: 10.7759/cureus.30529. eCollection 2022 Oct.

ABSTRACT

Females belonging to the reproductive age group may face challenges regarding infertility or miscarriage due to conditions such as premature ovarian failure (POF). It is the condition that happens when a female's ovaries stop working before she is 40. The majority of the causes of POF cases are idiopathic. Other reasons include genetic disorders (Turner's syndrome, bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) mutation, galactosemia, mutation of forkhead box protein L2 (FOXL2), growth differentiation factor-9 (GDF9), mutation of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone receptors (FSHR), etc.), enzymatic mutation such as aromatase, autoimmune disorders (Addison's disease, vitiligo, systemic lupus erythematosus, myasthenia gravis, autoimmune thyroiditis, autoimmune polyglandular syndrome, etc.), vaccination, and environmental factors (cigarette smoking, toxins, and infections). Many attempts have been made to treat POF by various methods. Some of the methods of treatment include hormone replacement therapy (HRT), melatonin therapy, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) therapy, and stem cell therapy. Stem cell therapy has proven to be the most efficient form for treating POF as compared to all other options. Umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) are the best among the other sources of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for the treatment of POF as they have a painless extraction procedure. They have a tremendous capacity for self-repair and regeneration, which helps them in restoring degenerated ovaries. This review includes information on the causes of POF, its efficacious therapeutic approaches, and the impact of transplantation of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) as an option for the therapy of POF. Numerous studies conducted on stem cell therapy prove that it is an effective approach for the treatment of sterility.

PMID:36415442 | PMC:PMC9674197 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.30529


Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/3641544 ... 4&v=2.17.8
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