[Pubmed] Surgical safety analysis and clinical experience sharing of myasthenia gravis patients aged 65 and over

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[Pubmed] Surgical safety analysis and clinical experience sharing of myasthenia gravis patients aged 65 and over

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Thorac Cancer. 2023 Jan 23. doi: 10.1111/1759-7714.14799. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the surgical safety in myasthenia gravis (MG) patients aged 65 and over.

METHODS: A total of 564 patients with MG who underwent surgery in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of Beijing Hospital from November 2011 to March 2022 were included in the study and divided into two groups taking the age of 65 as the boundary. Perioperative data of patients were recorded and statistically analyzed.

RESULTS: Compared with young patients, FEV1, FEV1% and MVV in lung function of elderly MG patients were worse (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, p = 0.002). Postoperative drainage time was longer (p < 0.001), combined with more drainage volume (p = 0.002). The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score of elderly MG patients was higher (p < 0.001). Complications were more likely to occur (p = 0.008) after surgery and Clavien-Dindo classification (CDC) of postoperative complications was also higher (p = 0.003). Meanwhile, postoperative myasthenic crisis (POMC) was more likely to occur (p = 0.038). Logistic regression showed that lower DLCO% (p = 0.049) was an independent risk factor for postoperative complications.

CONCLUSIONS: Surgical indications should be considered in each elderly MG patient on an individual basis. Moreover, most elderly MG patients safely survive the perioperative period and benefit from surgery through individualized consideration.

PMID:36691325 | DOI:10.1111/1759-7714.14799


Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/3669132 ... t6+86293ac
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